The Coronation – The Stories of Kings Charles I and II

King Charles III follows in the traditional of two previous Kings of that name. As Charles Philip Arthur George Windsor, he need not have adopted the title, and as far back as 2005 there was speculation that he might use another name, to avoid unfortunate associations with previous kings of that name. Charles I was the only member of the monarchy to be tried and executed for treason, and his son, Charles II, who was known for his legendary love-life, ruled during a particularly nasty bout of the Plague and the Great Fire of London. But all speculation was put to rest on the announcement of the accession to the throne.

Charles 1

Charles I, born in 1600, ascended to the throne in 1625. His policies were relatively unpopular with his subjects and parliament. He levied taxes without having consent from parliament and his religious policies were viewed as too sensitive to Roman Catholicism. There was tension between his supporters and supporters of parliament which boiled over into an English Civil War. He was eventually ousted in 1645 and convicted of high treason and executed in 1649.

Charles II

Viewed as one of the country’s more charismatic kings and known as the “merry monarch”, Charles II was initially declared King in Scotland as the English Parliament abolished the monarchy follow the death of his father. But 11 years later, Parliament invited him back onto the throne following the rule of puritan Oliver Cromwell. But relations were not smooth as he eventually dissolved Parliament, ruling the country without it for the last four years of his reign prior to his death in 1685.

SEE ALSO: Obituary: The Stalwart That Was Queen Elizabeth II

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