David Hockney is perhaps best known for his arrestingly colourful paintings depicting swimming pools, verdant flora and other summer scenes. He’s also the world’s most valuable and greatest living British artist – his painting Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures) had been forecast to fetch $80m (£62m) when it came up for auction in New York in 2018, but actually achieved over $90m (£70m) – an auction record for a work by a living artist.
But now an exhibition of works from the seven decades of David Hockney’s career throws new light on his art. David Hockney: Drawing from Life, on display at the National Portrait Gallery until late June 2020, is the first major showing of the master draughtsman’s drawings in over 20 years.
“We are delighted to display David Hockney’s new drawings of his close friends for the first time,” said Dr Nicolas Cullinan, Director of the National Portrait Gallery.
There are around 150 works on display, executed across six decades. Notably included are pieces from David Hockney’s pivotal and political series, A Rake’s Progress (1961-63) inspired by William Hogarth’s series of the same name. A Rake’s Progress is endlessly fascinating, and the message resonates in our splintered times. The exhibition also dedicates a room to David Hockney’s digital art, complete with animated screens showing his work coming together.
But the majority of the show—and arguably the magic of it—comes from David Hockney’s many drawings, done over the years, of the people he loves most: his friend and muse, Celia Birtwell; his mother, Laura Hockney; his curator, business manager and former lover, Gregory Evans; and his master printer, Maurice Payne.
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“Drawing not only represents David Hockney’s distinctive way of observing the world but is a record of his encounters with those close to him,” said Sarah Howgate, Curator of the exhibition.
“He has returned to this intimate circle over and over again and, because their faces are so familiar to him, achieving a likeness does not distract from the search for a more nuances and psychological portrait that also records the passage of time.”
Drawing from Life proves that David Hockey’s best pieces are his most intimate, and this collection of work is as intimate as it gets.
Viewing David Hockey’s depictions of his close friends and family feels almost like peeking into a personal diary, one kept dutifully over a lifetime. Drawing from Life reminds us that Hockney has rarely been an artist-for-hire, paid to churn out flashy likenesses. Instead, his strength is on display when his subject is someone held dear to him.
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This is seen in a series of drawings depicting Gregory Evans, a former lover. In one piece, he sits moodily in a belted raincoat on a crumbling column stump in Rome. In another, he is drawn sleeping peacefully. As the decades pass, we see Hockney’s perspective of Evans growing up, from a young lover depicted in the nude to an old man slumped in an armchair.
And, as expected, there are plenty of pieces depicting Celia Birtwell, perhaps the most famous muse of the country’s most famous and greatest living British artist. Birtwell and Hockney have been close friends now for over half a century. She spotted him in Portobello Market in 1969 wearing bright colours and thought to herself that he seemed interesting.
The two struck up a friendship, their temperaments and artistic sensibilities melding well together. Birtwell, a textile and fashion designer, had an appreciation for colour that Hockney admired and captured in his numerous pieces of her over the years.
One drawing of Birtwell on display at the show exhibits the perfect complements these two are to each other: a young Birtwell is depicted sitting on a green chair, wearing a rich blue and pink patterned dressing gown and bright eyeshadow. Hockney is so good at quietly conveying the emotion he feels—here, with that care, he draws Birtwell’s lovely face and you can feel his fondness for her.
Ageing with Hockney
It is one thing to be an artist’s muse when you are young and in Paris, dressed in silk or nothing at all, but these days, it is harder to face her portraits, Birtwell said.
“It’s horrible,” said Birtwell, looking at a drawing of her from 2019, on display for the first time in the exhibition. But then she concedes: “It’s life! One gets old. It is a reality of who you are and what you look like now.
“We only ever see ourselves in the mirror, we never ever see how we really are. [Hockney] sees you as you really are.”
David Hockney: Drawing from Life is about just that—drawing life. The exhibition deliberately shows the passage of time, and no one in David Hockney’s close circle is safe from it.
And actually, it isn’t so horrible—it was wonderful to see all the portraits together, said Birtwell. “I am deeply honoured because there is nobody finer than David. He is an amazing artist and I’m very fond of him.”
A life of art
David Hockney, who will be 83 this summer, is widely considered to be one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century. Hockney is the world’s greatest living artist. After studying at the Royal College of Art, he visited the United States to teach for a brief period in the 1960s. That visit sparked an interest in America, prompting Hockney to split his time between Los Angeles, Paris and England. Today, David Hockney lives between Bridlington, London and California.
David Hockney has enjoyed resounding success during his artistic career. In 2018, his piece Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures) (1972) sold at Christie’s auction house in New York City for £70 million, becoming the most expensive work by a living artist sold at auction. Although the record was broken a year later, it’s a sign of the enduring popularity and influence of David Hockney.
Hockney in print
In addition to the exhibition, David Hockney: Drawing from Life, there will be published a book of prints by the same name. Compiled by Howgate, the exhibition’s curator, David Hockney: Drawing from Life will feature an in-depth essay by Howgate, an exclusive interview with David Hockney, and a piece from British Museum curator Isabel Seligman exploring the relationship between David Hockney, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Pablo Picasso.
This title follows A History of Pictures, published last year, written by David Hockney himself and co-authored by art critic Martin Gayford. A History of Pictures includes commentary from Gayford and Hockney addressing how and why pictures have been made throughout history.
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David Hockney: Greatest Living British Artist’s ‘Drawing from Life‘ is open at the National Portrait Gallery until 28 June 2020. Tickets are £17-22. Every Friday, the Gallery will make 500 £5 tickets available to anyone under 25.